The vote for Britain to move away from Europe should not be a surprise. England is a singular nation, more interested in being itself rather than being a
cooperating participant. The vote to separate from the European Union is in keeping with at the pattern of British experience on the water and in the meeting room.
Britain always prefers to travel alone. This preference goes back many centuries — back to when England was invited to join the Continental System. It refused and turned down a similar invitation with Spain and France five hundred years ago. It turned out to be precisely the right thing to do.
These historical parallels indicate that nothing has changed in a philosophical or fundamental way. The basis of strength of the Common Market in Europe, which is to allow markets to a show the way, will run into unexpected difficulties by 2019. Britain will then be grateful that it stayed outside and free.